Sports injuries are a common occurrence in athletes and fitness enthusiasts. Whether you’re a professional athlete or a weekend warrior, participating in physical activity significantly strains your body.
From rotator cuff sprains and strains to tennis elbow, golfers elbow, and wrist sprains, these injuries can be debilitating and require a long recovery period.
Here, we’ll look at common sports injuries, their causes, and treatment options. Let’s get started.
Below is a list of some of the most common sports injuries that can occur to anyone:
Rotator cuff sprains and strains are common injuries that affect the muscles and tendons in the shoulder. Here are the causes and solutions to these injuries:
- Repetitive overhead movements, such as those in baseball, tennis, and swimming, can lead to overuse injuries of the rotator cuff.
- A sudden fall or impact on the shoulder can cause a sprain or strain in the rotator cuff.
- The rotator cuff tendons can degenerate as people age, making them more susceptible to injury.
- Poor posture can cause muscle imbalances that strain the rotator cuff, especially while sitting or working at a computer.
- Give your shoulder time to heal by avoiding activities aggravating the injury. Rest is crucial in the early stages of recovery.
- Applying ice to the injured area can help reduce inflammation, while heat can help relax and loosen the muscles.
- A physical therapist can develop a tailored exercise program to strengthen the rotator cuff muscles and improve the range of motion.
- A healthcare provider may sometimes recommend corticosteroid injections to reduce excessive pain and inflammation.
Medically known as lateral epicondylitis, it is a common condition that affects the tendons in the outer part of the elbow. Here’s an overview of the causes and solutions for tennis elbow:
- The most common cause of tennis elbow is repetitive gripping and wrist extension activities. This can include playing tennis, painting, typing, using hand tools, or any other repetitive arm motion.
- It is more common in individuals aged 30 to 50, although it can affect people of all ages.
- Using incorrect techniques or equipment in sports or daily activities can raise the risk of developing a tennis elbow.
- Resting the affected arm is crucial to treating tennis elbow. Avoid activities that worsen the pain, and give your tendons time to heal.
- You can reduce inflammation and pain by applying ice. Use ice for 15-20 minutes several times a day.
- Wearing a brace or splint on the forearm can help reduce strain on the tendons and promote healing.
- Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy (ESWT)is a non-invasive procedure that stimulates the affected tendons’ healing process.
Medial epicondylitis causes inflammation and pain in the tendons attached to the bony bump inside the elbow. The following are the most common causes and treatments for golfer’s elbow:
- The most common cause of the golfer’s elbow is overuse of the forearm muscles, particularly through repetitive gripping and wrist flexion.
- Poor technique or form while performing certain sports or activities can increase the risk of developing a golfer’s elbow.
- As individuals age, the tendons may become less flexible and more prone to injury. This degeneration can make them more susceptible to conditions like golfer’s elbow.
- One of the first steps in treating a golfer’s elbow is to rest the affected arm and avoid activities that exacerbate the pain. This may involve modifying your technique or taking a break from the activity causing the issue.
- Applying ice to the affected area can help reduce pain and inflammation. Compression with a bandage or brace may also provide support and alleviate discomfort.
- Wearing a brace or splint can help reduce stress on the affected tendons and promote healing.
A wrist sprain occurs when the ligaments in the wrist are stretched or torn. It’s a common injury and can result from various causes. Let’s talk about wrist sprains and their causes and solutions:
- The most common cause of wrist sprains is a sudden injury or trauma to the wrist. This can happen during sports, falls, accidents, or any activity where the wrist is bent or twisted forcefully.
- Overuse of the wrist through repetitive motions, such as typing, playing musical instruments, or performing manual labor, can lead to chronic wrist strain and, eventually, a sprain.
- Improper ergonomics at workstations can contribute to wrist strain and lead to a sprain.
- Participation in sports that involve heavy use of the wrist, like gymnastics, tennis, or weightlifting, can cause wrist sprains if proper technique isn’t used.
- Rest is crucial to allow the injured ligaments to heal. Avoid activities that put a strain on the wrist.
- Wrapping the wrist with an elastic bandage can provide support and reduce swelling. Ensure it’s not wrapped too tightly, which could impede blood flow.
- Elevating the injured wrist above heart level when possible can help reduce swelling.
- Sometimes, a cast or splint may be necessary to immobilize the wrist while it heals. This is usually reserved for more severe sprains.
Sports injuries can severely impact an athlete’s performance and overall quality of life. Prevent injuries like rotator cuff sprains and strains, tennis elbow, golfers elbow, and wrist sprains by being aware of the most common types.
When facing any of these injuries, it’s crucial to seek prompt assistance from a skilled chiropractor. Early intervention with the right chiropractic care can help you avoid prolonged discomfort and expedite your recovery. Always remember that prevention is key when it comes to maintaining your well-being.